Arctic National Wildlife Refuge


The text and graphic information describing the cultural history and changing economic life of the Inupiat of Kaktovik, Alaska, are largely drawn from The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Its People, Wildlife Resources, and Oil and Gas Potential [1995], published by the North Slope Borough and the Arctic Slope Regional Corporation, Barrow, Alaska. Permission to reprint this presentation is gratefully acknowledged. The photograph on the Introductory page was provided by the North Slope Borough. Other photographs of the village and people of Kaktovik were taken by Norman Chance.

Information on the Athabascan Gwich'in was provided by the Gwich'in Steering Committee. Included in this material was an article, The Gwich'in (Kutchin): Conservation and Cultural Protection in the Arctic Borderlands, by Robert Childers and Mary Kancewick [no date]. Additional information was drawn from volume 6, Subarctic, of the Handbook of North American Indians, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. [1981], edited by June Helm; and from R. A. Caulfield [1983] "Subsistence Land use in Upper Yukon Porcupine Communities, Alaska," Division of subsistence, Alaska Dept of Fish and Game, Fairbanks.