Sensitive Habitats of the Porcupine Caribou Herd

[Abstract of the Porcupine Technical Committee Report
Accepted by the International Porcupine Caribou Board, January, 1993]

ABSTRACT

At different times of the year, caribou need special places in order to stay healthy and raise their young. As the seasons change, the caribou travel from one special place or "habitat" to the next according to their needs for food, safety, escape from fl ies or shallower snow depths.

As it travels around, the Porcupine Caribou Herd uses a lot of different habitats every year and some of these are more important than others. In order to show how important each habitat is, biologists asked these questions:

* Do caribou use this place when they need energy the most?

* Is this place important for rutting or for raising healthy calves in a safe place?

* Is it a place where caribou can be easily bothered by disturbance?

* Is it a good place to go when the snow gets too deep or when there are too many bugs or to get away from predators?

* Is this place used almost every year or only from time to time?

* Does this place :give something special to the caribou that no other place can?

By asking these questions about different places that the caribou use.during the year, it was possible to show how important each kind of place is. If you look at Table 3, you can see that the most important places (number 1) are where caribou have thei r calves and where they go right after calving. Next in importance (number 2) are places used by the whole herd in early and mid-summer. The maps show where these special placesare and use the same numbers so you can see how important each area is.

Because the Porcupine Caribou Herd travels to so many places in Alaska and Canada, there are 12 areas on the herd's range with different laws governing what people can do in those areas....This report comes from the International Porcupine Caribou Board. From now on every time some activity is proposed for a part of the herd's range, everybody will check this report to see what effects the activity will have on the caribou. This report will be used to protect the Porcupine Caribou Herd by helping people d ecide what kind of activities could be allowed in the herd's range without harming the caribou.


The following translation into Gwich'in language is by Roy Moses, Old Crow, Yukon Territory

KET NINIIHGWUDHUT

Nugwutudhut gwizzit ndo thligwedha ji vutzui nihthluudun nun kug gwitetchyacho, Rsi gwehendui tsut viggyi dikiheda genjit. Nugwutudhut gwizzit ndo thligwetha ji chuttui nihkehao, nigin vizzi goli genjit. Rsi gwehendui tsut ssin he nijin ttshi gwintlo ya n igwehea kwa tchun kwut khui he nijin zokh gwintlo tinintchi kwa gwutso nuhao.

Nunh gwintshi gwitechyacho, li gwullut tshirsit tsut gwitechyacho genjit chutthui kuhanji ei biologist kut genjit tchugotahkut chitti rsit gwundo gwitukwitchyacho enjit.

* Chuttui vitekit gwullut rsit tsut vuttui gwehelya genjit gwutuchyacho?

* Ettelye vitekit gwullut chuttui nykhonkuhao tchun kwut viggyi rsi gwehendui tsut dikyiheda genjit kirsigwichyacho?

* Jih vutzui vitekit gwullut lye gihgvvudhun va chuttsui nugwahattha?

* Zzoh tininchi tchun kwut ssin he dui tshi ha goli gehkhe tsut nyin tchi vitekit gwinzi goui Iye gwitsehao?

* Jih vitekit nugwutudhut gwittukwinyancho chun kwut ndo nihlig he gwirzi Iye gwituchyacho?

* Jih vutzui titekit chirsit tsut gwituchyacho gehkhe tsut tchutun vitekit Iye gugwahaa kwa?

Jih vutzui nugwutudhut gwizzit titekit nihluudun nitso gwutuchyacho ketchutrotahkhut. Vitekit gwittugwinyancho tegwahtchi gwihile getrigwahatachya gogwudhun. Jih table 2 kug trigwunahin ji, nijin chlrsit tsut vitekit gwihile trigwahunaia. Number 1, Nijin vutziu viggyi goli tchun kwut nijin vigoli tle gwitsehao. Ei tle tchirsid tsut gwihile goui number 2 vitekit etut notli tutthug ssm gwului gwudhuk tsut ssin tenjirh gwutso tutthug gwutuchyacho. 3ih nun gwikit tehthudhut gwizzit gogwijiltshei tchirsit tsut vitekit gwihile, Ei tsut gehkhe tsut gwitehtichya gwikit ttrugwunahin ji tegwahtchi vitekit tutthug gwihile ttrugwuhunaia.

Jih vutzui nun kug gwinchi nahao, Alaska tsui tsut Canada ha. Nijin chutthui nahao gwizzit tutthug 12 area gwizzit gwuttut gwinyanchyo gwitchin tutthug ko tugwitie nihlinehtshi ttitichyo. Ei tutthug gwutsut ji tinehtle tratsi.

International Porcupine Caribou Board tsut jih tinehtle treltsei. Ei tsut choog gwutsut nijin kugwichyo tigwe hetya ji chutthui nijin nahao vidive tutthug joo genjit gwitrit tegwain tutthug jih tinehtle ha hedundui, nitso ji v×itzui vitive kugwichyo tigwi diin tthug gahtrehedundui genjit. Jih tinehtle chutthui kuhunahtya genjit ei tsut nijin nahao tutthug gwizzit kugwichyo tigwehedya gahgwehedundui. Gwikikhe chutthui ugwehedendul kwa genjit.

[Similar translations follow in Inuktitut by Ishmael Alunik, Inuvik, NWT; and in Inupiaq by Giana Harcharek, Pt. Barrow, Alaska.]


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