"The Arctic is characterized by one of the most extreme environments on the planet, with limited sunlight, extreme temperatures, and a short growing season. Sea ice, snow cover, glaciers, tundra, permafrost, boreal forests, and peatlands are all sensitive indicators of change, susceptible to subtle variations in sunlight, surface temperature, ocean heat transport, air and ocean chemistry, and the particulate loading of the atmosphere.
Global climate models indicate that global warming induced by the greenhouse effect will be most acute in polar regions, most likely resulting in changes in extent of sea ice, increased thawing of permafrost, and melting of polar ice masses, with profound societal impacts around the globe."
Center for Global Change, University of Alaska
"The villagers of Shishmaref plugged holes in their crumbling sea wall with sandbags Wednesday to protect exposed permafrost from further erosion. A raging storm last weekend caused parts of the sea wall to crash into the Chukchi Sea, leaving homes literally teetering on the edge of the oceam embankment and exposing underlying permafrost to the sea. The warmer ocean waters have melted the permafrost, speeding up the erosion..."
Anchorage Daily News, October 9, 1997
"The thing that I notice when I walk out on the tundra - now I can hear it crackle when I walk on it, and it's dry. Whatever is out there is dried up. We didn't get blueberries this year, last year, and the year before. I used to be able to find blackberries in abundance, and now I have to really search.""
Hannah Mendenhall, Kotzebue, Alaska
Arctic Nations Agree to Fight Glacial Melting - Washington Post [November 25, 2004]
Arctic Ice Melt Accelerating - Science-Tech Today
Adapting to Climate Change: Social-Ecological Resilience in a Canadian Western Arctic Community - Fiket Berkes and Dyanna Jolly [University of Manitoba]
SEARCH - A Study of Environmental Arctic Change - University of Washington
Arctic Climate Impact Assessment - International Arctic Research Center
A Physical Scientists' Perspective of the Human Dimension of Global Change - John E. Lewis & Eric C. Wood
Arctic Temperature Trends [1961-1990] - A graphic from the Cooperative Institute for Arctic Research [University of Alaska]
Tundra Degradation in the Russian Arctic - European Commission
The Polar Meltdown: Background Report - Greenpeace
The Threat of Climate Change to Arctic Human Communities - Greenpeace
Evidence for increasing ultraviolet irradiance at Point Barrow, Alaska - Geophysical Research Letters
Implications of Global Change in Alaska and the Bering Sea Region BESIS
Global Change Research through Arctic Land Characterization BESIS
Dramatic Thinning of Arctic Icer Found CNN
First Summer Crossing of the Arctic Ocean - 2005 - One World Expedition's effort to create an increased awareness of global climate change
The Ozone Hole Tour - University of Cambridge
Global Warming and Climate Change - GCRIO
Ozone Depletion & Global Environmental Change - CIESIN
Global Warming - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Northern Indigenous Views on Climate Change and Ecology - SnowChange.Org [October 1, 2002]
Inuit Observations on Climate Change - CASL
Environment and Climate Change - Exxonmobil Corporation
Disasterous Global Warming Consequences Already Happening in Alaska..." - Alaska Senator Stevens [05/01/2001]
Arctic Temperatures Warmest in the Past Four Centuries - University of Colorado [8/9/00]